Yadagir district occupies 5234.4 square kilometers area. It is the second smallest district in the state. In Geographical area which constitutes 8.46 percent area of the state. The district is having one revenue sub-divisions viz. Yadgir. There are 03 revenue blocks in the district namely Shahapur, Shorapur and Yadgir. There are 3 educational blocks in the district namely Shahapur, Shorapur and Yadgir. The district has got 16 hobalis, One City municipal, 3 Town Muncipal, 1 Town Panchayat, 3 Taluk Panchayats, 117 Grama Panchayats, 4 Assembly constituencies. There are 519 villages, Zilla Panchayat, and two Parliamentary constituency in the district.
Socio-Economic and Cultural Characteristics
It is predominantly an agricultural district divided into two agro climatic zones namely eastern transition and north eastern dry zone. The zones indicate the predominance of rain dependent dry land agricultural area. The normal rainfall of the district is 636 mms. The climate of Yadgir District is generally dry and healthy. The net sown area in the district is 72.1 per cent of the total cultivable land area, which is 3239.1 square kilometers.
The major crops grown in the district are jowar, red gram, sunflower and groundnut. In terms of productivity the yields of principal crops is lesser than the state average. The variation in rainfall and endemic pest attack has affected productivity of tur (red gram). The production and productivity of jowar has been improving because of better use of fertilizer and plant protection measures. In case of oil seeds the area and production has been decreased.
Agriculture in the district mainly depends upon the rainfall and the net area irrigated to net area sown is 14%, which is below the state average of 24%. Krishna, Bhima rivers flow in the district. The medium irrigation projects in the district are Hattikuni and Soudha ghar.. There are 36 lift irrigation schemes and 445 minor irrigation tanks in the district.
Shahapur and Shorapur both Taluka have been fully irrigation Yadagiri Taluka having 65% irrigated area.
Cattle, Poultry, Sheep, Goats and Buffaloes constitute the major livestock of the district. It is to be noted that poultry and goat-rearing activities will increase the burden of work for children.
Though 18.73 percent of men and 25.86 per cent of women are agricultural laborers, they do not have yearlong employment. There is also temporary migration of full families or male workers. The migration is more in Shahapur, Shorapur and Yadgir blocks they are migrating in the month of November. In the former case children get enrolled to school but fail to attend thereafter when they move out of their villages with their parents for employment. In the latter case, females left behind by the males in the family hardly evince any interest in schooling of their children or participate in Gramsabha meetings, SDMC meetings etc,.
Road is one of the basic means of transport which requires to be developed in the district. All indicators pertaining to road in the